Tools and Equipment Needed for Solar Street Lights Installation

Tools and Equipment Needed for Solar Street Lights Installation

Installing solar street lights requires having the right tools, equipment, and components to complete the job efficiently and ensure the system functions properly for years to come. As a leading manufacturer and supplier of solar solutions since 2013, Ouyad Solar offers high-quality solar street lighting products for customers in over 50 countries. This article will provide a comprehensive overview of everything needed for a professional solar street light installation.

Site Survey and Planning

The first step before purchasing equipment or starting installation is conducting a thorough site survey and developing an installation plan. Consider the following:

  • Location: Choose locations with maximum sun exposure throughout the day and no obstructions like trees or buildings that could block sunlight. South-facing areas in the northern hemisphere are ideal.
  • Spacing: Determine spacing between lights for proper coverage, factoring in light brightness. Standard solar street lights provide a 12-15 meter diameter lighted area.
  • Access: Ensure there is vehicle access for equipment delivery and ease of maintenance.
  • Safety: Avoid locations with risk of theft, vandalism or damage.
  • Permits: Check if permits or approvals are needed for the area.

Once locations are selected, sketch out a site map showing the positions of each light and run electrical plans indicating connections and components. Having a well-developed site plan is crucial for an organized, efficient installation.

Tools and Equipment

Proper tools and equipment are essential for solar street light installations. Many standard electrical construction tools can be used, along with some specialized solar equipment.

Construction Tools

  • Digging tools: Shovels, post hole diggers, pick axes and rakes for excavating pole foundations
  • Measuring: Tape measures, levels, chalk lines and string lines for layout and positioning
  • Lifting: Ropes, pulleys, and cranes for lifting poles and solar panels
  • Fastening: Wrenches, drivers, crimpers and cutters for securing bolts, wires and connections
  • Safety: Hard hats, gloves, glasses, ear protection, safety vests and steel toe boots

Specialized Solar Tools

  • Solar pathfinder: For determining shade coverage and sun paths at the site
  • Solar inspection scope: Portable device to verify solar panel operation
  • Solar analyzer: Tests system output and diagnostics for troubleshooting
  • Solar panel mount: Adjustable stand to hold and angle panels for testing

Having high quality solar-specific tools ensures full functionality testing and simplifies maintenance.

Components

In addition to tools, solar street lights have several main component parts that work together:

Solar Panels

Convert sunlight into electricity. Monocrystalline panels made of single silicon crystals are the most efficient and durable option. Select panels sized to match your light and battery bank needs. Mounting hardware is used to securely attach panels to the light pole at the proper tilt angle.

Batteries

Store energy from solar panels and power lights at night. Lithium ferrophosphate (LFP) batteries provide the best balance of performance and safety. Size your battery bank to match your lighting runtime requirements, factoring in solar resources and operating temperatures for your climate.

LED Lights

Illuminate targeted areas with brightness adjustable up to 7500 lumens. The lighting angle should provide an oval shape on the ground to maximize coverage. Lights should have surge protection and be IP65 waterproof rated.

Poles

Mount and elevate solar panels and lights. Galvanized steel or aluminum poles 8-15m tall are standard. Pole diameter, wall thickness, and foundation depth must be sized appropriately for wind loads and soil conditions.

Wiring and Connectors

Creates electrical connections between components. Use copper wiring sized for expected amp loads. Waterproof connectors and junction boxes protect connections. Have sufficient wire lengths for ease of component replacements.

Controllers

Regulates energy flows, prevents overcharging and system faults. MPPT charge controllers provide the most efficient solar harvesting. Controllers should have communication abilities for remote adjustments and monitoring.

Installation Procedures

Once all equipment is procured and the site is prepared, installation can begin. Safety should always come first – use appropriate precautions like traffic control signage, limiting access to work zones, and inspecting trenches or lifts. Main installation steps include:

1. Excavate Pole Foundations

Dig holes for pole foundations according to engineered designs for your location’s soil condition, wind and seismic zones. Holes are commonly 0.6 – 1m across and 1 – 3m below grade. The bottom should have a slight bell shape and use concrete with rebar for reinforcement. Allow foundations to fully cure before pole mounting.

2. Mount Poles and Lights

Position poles over foundations and lower into place. Verify poles are plumb using levels. Bolt poles into foundations following manufacturer specifications – typically 4-6 securing bolts. Attach light heads using adjustable brackets, ensuring they are oriented to provide optimal light distribution.

3. Install Solar Panel Assembly

Secure tilting solar panel mounts to poles at the proper angle facing true south (northern hemisphere). Angle can be adjusted seasonally. Mount panels onto racks with bolt sets, allowing room underneath for access. Avoid any shading from trees, signs or buildings.

4. Connect Wiring

Run interior wiring between all components and connect based on electrical diagrams. Ensure a drip loop and seal entries into pole interiors. Use only specified wire gauges and waterproof connectors. Install controllers and junction boxes securely inside poles or onto external mounts.

5. Test and Commission System

Before completing the installation, verify full system functionality by operating during sunlight and darkness. Confirm proper lighting brightness and distribution. Inspect wiring connections for issues. Only conclude work once satisfied with system performance.

Maintenance

While solar street lights are largely self-sufficient, ongoing maintenance is crucial for longevity and performance. Schedule inspections to check cleanliness of solar panels, battery function, lighting output, wiring connections and pole/foundation integrity. Keeping maintenance logs also helps identify problems early. Plan to replace consumable parts like batteries every 5-8 years.

Investing in high quality solar street lighting equipment according to proven installation procedures will provide years of reliable, low maintenance operation. Ouyad Solar has industry-leading products designed to withstand harsh environments in locations worldwide. Contact our solar experts at service@ouyadsolar.com or +86-15678870014 for assistance selecting the optimal solar street lighting solution for your project.

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